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Britain's Overseas Territories

The UK has a number of overseas territories, with a combined population of around 180,000. Most have a considerable level of self-government. See the list below for more information:

Anguilla
Capital: The Valley
Area: 96 sq km (37 sq miles)
Population: 10,700 (1996)
Economy: Tourism, construction, offshore banking, fishing and farming
Bermuda
Capital: Hamilton
Area: 53.3 sq km (20.6 sq miles)
Population: 60,144 (1996)
Economy: Financial services and tourism
British Antarctic Territory
Area: 1.7 million sq km(660,000 sq miles)
Population: No permanent inhabitants. There are two permanent British Antarctic Survey stations staffed by 40 people in winter and 150 in summer. Scientists from other Antarctic Treaty Nations have bases within the territory.
British Indian Ocean Territory
Area: 54,400 sq km (21,000 sq miles) of ocean
Land area: The Chagos Archipelago with no permanent inhabitants,
Economy: Territory used for defence purposes by the UK and the United States; 1,500 military personnel and 1,500 civilians.
British Virgin Islands
Capital: Road Town
Area: 153 sq km (59 sq miles)
Population: 19,100 (1997)
Economy: Tourism and financial services
Cayman Islands
Capital: George Town
Area: 259 sq km (100 sq miles)
Population: 36,600 (1997)
Economy: Tourism and financial services
Falkland Islands
Capital: Stanley
Area: 12,173 sq km (4,700 sq miles)
Population: 2,220 (1996), plus British garrison
Economy: fishery management and sheep farming
Gibraltar
Area: 6.5 sq km (2.5 sq miles)
Population: 27,200 (1999)
Economy: Financial services, tourism, port services
Montserrat
Capital: Plymouth
Area: 102 sq km (39 sq miles)
Population: 3,500 (1998)
Economy: Agriculture and fishing
Pitcairn, Ducie, Henderson and Oeno

Capital: Adamstown
Area: 35.5 sq km (13.7 sq miles)
Population: 54 (1998)
Economy: Fishing, agriculture and postage stamp sales
St Helena
Capital: Jamestown
Area: 122 sq km (47 sq miles)
Population: 5,000 (1998)
Economy: Fishing and agriculture
Ascension Island (St Helena Dependency)
Area: 88 sq km (34 sq miles)
Population: 1,123 (1998)
Economy: communications and military base.
Tristan da Cunha (St Helena Dependency)
Area: 98 sq km (38 sq miles)
Population: 285 (1998)
Economy: Fishing
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
No indigenous population. Small British military detachment on South Georgia, plus a British Antarctic Survey all-year research station on Bird Island.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Capital: Cockburn Town
Area: about 500 sq km (193 sq miles)
Population: 20,000 (1997)
Economy: Tourism, financial services and fishing

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